March 27, 2020
Coronavirus COVID-19: What Is Coronavirus, covid-19
Coronavirus covid-19- The name Coronaviruses was coined from their appearance: Under the microscope, the viruses look like they are enveloped with pointed structures (that looks like spikes) that surround them like a corona, or crown-like.
What you need to know about COVID-19
COVID-19 is the disease that emerged from China in December 2019 and its caused by the new coronavirus.
On the other hand, Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in both animals or humans. A newly identified strain has caused a recent outbreak of respiratory illness now called COVID-19.
Coronaviruses can be found in different animals. An animal coronavirus can rarely infect humans.
There are many different kinds of coronaviruses, some of them can cause colds or other mild respiratory (nose, throat, lung) illnesses while others causes more serious diseases, which includes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
How is COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 can be transferred via person to person through droplets from coughs and sneezes. COVID-19 is considered a pandemic by the WHO because of it’s global spread.
The spread of this new coronavirus, COVID-19 is being monitored by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the World Health Organization, health organizations like Johns Hopkins and Media organization across the globe.
How did the new Coronavirus spread to humans?
COVID-19 first appeared in Wuhan -popularly called a wet market a city in China, in December 2019. Although the exact source of this new coronavirus is still sketchy, early hypotheses thought it may be linked to animal origin. A study that came out on Jan. 25, 2020, notes that the person with the first reported case became ill on 1st of Dec, 2019, and had no link to the seafood market. Investigations are still ongoing as to how this virus originated and spread.
What is the incubation period for COVID-19?
It appears that symptoms begins to show up in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus but most commonly around five days.
What are symptoms of COVID-19?
COVID-19 symptoms include:
Flu-like symptoms like;
- Fever (high temperature)
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Shortness of breath (difficulty in breathing)
Also note that older people, and people with underlying medical problems such as heart problems, lung problem, or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
In severe cases, COVID-19 can lead to severe respiratory problems, kidney failure or death.
When to see a doctor
Contact your doctor or health center right away if you have COVID-19 symptoms, you’ve been exposed to someone with COVID-19, or you travelled from or live in an area with COVID-19 spread as determined by CDC and WHO. Inform your doctor ahead to tell him or her about your symptoms and recent travels and possible exposure before you go to your appointment.
How is COVID-19 diagnosed?
Physical examination ONLY may be difficult because mild cases of COVID-19 may appear similar to flu or a bad cold. A laboratory test can confirm the diagnosis of COVID-19.
How is COVID-19 treated?
For now, there’s no drug or a specific treatment for the virus. People who become sick from COVID-19 are treated with supportive measures- those that relieve symptoms. For severe cases, additional options may be employed in the treatment including research drugs and therapeutics
Does COVID-19 cause death?
As of Mar. 27, 2020, 536,615 cases, 24,082 deaths have been attributed to COVID-19. However, 124,395 people have recovered from the illness. This information comes from the Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases map developed by Worldometer.
Is this coronavirus different from SARS?
SARS which is severe acute respiratory syndrome. An outbreak of SARS started in China in 2003 and spread to other countries before ending in 2004. The virus that causes COVID-19 and the one that caused the 2003 SARS outbreak are similar genetically and the disease they cause are quite different: They are both under the same type of family called the coronavirus. Although much is still unknown, but COVID-19 seems to spread faster than the 2003 SARS but SARS is more deadlier.
How do you protect yourself from this coronavirus?
It is important to practice good hygiene, respiratory etiquette and social distancing. Read more about ways to protect yourself from COVID-19.